The mayor of London is the chief executive of the Greater London Authority. This role was created in 2000, making it the first directly elected mayor in the United Kingdom. The current mayor is Sadiq Khan, who took office in May 2016. Prior to Khan, the position was held by Ken Livingstone and Boris Johnson.
The mayor is responsible for overseeing the entire city of London, including the City of London. They are supported by the London Assembly and their Mayoral Cabinet. Additionally, each London Borough has its own ceremonial mayor or, in certain boroughs, an elected mayor.
Before the creation of the mayor’s role, the Greater London Council served as the elected government for Greater London until it was abolished in 1986. A referendum held in 1998 led to the establishment of a new governance structure for Greater London, resulting in the creation of the directly elected mayor.
The mayor is elected through the first-past-the-post system for a fixed term of four years. Elections take place in May, and there is no limit to the number of terms a mayor can serve. Candidates are required to pay a deposit of £10,000, which is returned if they receive at least 5% of the first-choice votes.
Can the Mayor of London be removed from office?
The Mayor of London cannot be removed from office by a referendum following a petition, as is the case for directly elected mayors elsewhere in England. The work of the Mayor of London is scrutinized by the London Assembly, a unique arrangement in the English local government system.